Baltimore granted his friends the large estates, which resembled medieval manors and paved the way for the plantation system.
Protestants were attracted by the inexpensive land that Baltimore offered to help him pay his debts. Plantations were established by riverbanks for the good soil and to ensure ease of transportation.
Lord Baltimore planned for Maryland to serve as a haven for English Catholics who suffered political and religious discrimination in England, but few Catholics actually settled in the colony. The emphasis on indentured labor meant that relatively few women settled in the Chesapeake colonies.
The one common link between New England and the Chesapeake was the treatment of the Indians. For a time they even shared the same chapel. Chesapeake society and New england colony vs chesapeake colony.
In political and religious matters, Virginia differed considerably from the New England colonies. Even with the small amount of capital needed for tobacco cultivation, former indentured servants at best became subsistence farmers, a class ripe for such calls to rebellion as those proposed by Nathaniel Bacon.
While New England was a land of towns and villages surrounded by small farms, Virginia and Maryland were characterized by large plantations and little urban development. Tobacco was the mainstay of the Virginia and Maryland economies.
This made slaves profitable because planters could rely not only on their labor but that of their children as well. The Church of England was the established church in Virginia, which meant taxpayers paid for the support of the church whether or not they were Anglicans.
In AprilNathaniel Bacon, a relative of Virginia Governor William Berkeley, led three hundred settlers against peaceful local tribes, killing them all. The slave population, which numbered about four thousand in Virginia and Maryland ingrew significantly to the end of the century.
More thanhad arrived in the Chesapeake region by A near civil war broke out and order was not restored untilwhen Lord Baltimore was returned to power.
Indentured servants and slaves. Religious squabbles continued for years in the Maryland colony. Religion thus was of secondary importance in the Virginia colony.
The assembly met regularly, not so much for representative government as for the opportunity to raise taxes. This fact, combined with the high mortality rate from disease—malaria, dysentery, and typhoid—slowed population growth considerably.
The Chesapeake region offered little economic opportunity to indentured servants who had completed their term of obligation. In the s, the colonial assembly adopted a bicameral pattern: Reconstruction in Practice Chesapeake Colonies: Early in the seventeenth century, the status of slave and indentured servant was quite similar.
To cultivate tobacco, planters brought in large numbers of English workers, mostly young men who came as indentured servants. The founding of Maryland. But church membership ultimately mattered little, since a lack of clergymen and few churches kept many Virginians from attending church. Afterthe Chesapeake colonies enforced laws that defined slavery as a lifelong and inheritable condition based on race.
A royal governor appointed justices of the peace, who set tax rates and saw to the building and maintenance of public works, such as bridges and roads. Fluctuations in Chesapeake tobacco prices caused a prolonged economic depression from into the early s.
Because wealthy planters built their own wharves on the Chesapeake to ship their crop to England, town development was slow. Sadly, disillusioned colonists took out their frustrations on the local Indians. As the number of new indentured laborers declined because of limited chances for advancement and reports of harsh treatment, they were replaced by African slaves.
Virginia, Maryland Bythe Virginia colonists had made their fortunes through the cultivation of tobacco, setting a pattern that was followed in Maryland and the Carolinas.Free Essay: During the late 16th century and into the 17th century, two colonies emerged from England in the New World.
The two colonies were called the. The emphasis on indentured labor meant that relatively few women settled in the Chesapeake colonies. This fact, combined with the high mortality rate from disease—malaria, dysentery, and typhoid—slowed population growth considerably.
The one common link between New England and the Chesapeake was the treatment of. Start studying Compare & Contrast: Chesapeake VS.
New England. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. We will write a custom essay sample on A Comparison between New England Colony and Chesapeake Bay Colony specifically for you for only $ $/page Order now. Chesapeake vs. New England with special appearance by The Middle Colonies New England New England vs.
Chesapeake copy Author: Christian Altena Created Date: 9/4/ PM. The Chesapeake Colony, which included Jamestown, Virginia, and New England Colonies, which included the Massachusetts Bay, were mostly settled for religious freedom, economic opportunities, and adventures.Download